Dementia is not a specific disorder; it is a term generally used for the low mental ability which affect everyday life. The most common type of dementia is Alzheimer’s disease.
The cognitive functions are lost in dementia which includes remembering, thinking, language skills, visual perceptions, problem solving skills, reasoning, and behavioral activities and affect the personal life of a person.
Damaging of the nerve cells causes disruption of the functions like nerve cells unable to perform their actions properly as they lose connection with other brain cells. With the advancement in the age of people suffering from dementia experience more loss.
Symptoms of dementia:
- Loss of memory
- Unable to communicate and language issues
- Impaired ability to focus on usual things and attention
- Poor reasoning and judgment
- Changed or weak visual perception
Age-related changes in memory:
There is a direct relationship between age and memory. Forgetfulness is a common problem at an older age. Memory lapses can be very frustrating, but most of the time they aren’t causing for concern.
With the increase in age, we experience physiological changes and our nerve cells began to lose their connections with the other cells or become weak and unable to transmit the signals properly, resulting in the forgetfulness at the older age.
Stages of Dementia:
Dementia can be divided into four stages:
- Mild cognitive impairment → It can be considered as the general forgetfulness.
- Mild dementia → Memory loss, difficulty in thinking and planning can occur in this stage which shows cognitive impairments that shows some impact in daily life.
- Moderate dementia → Sleep disturbance, personality changes and challenging daily life with increased memory problems.
- Severe dementia → Communication problem, weak body functions, and full-time care must be needed.
Symptoms of Dementia in Seniors:
- Mood changes → Frequent change in mood, aggression, and confusion.
- Apathy → Loss of interest in any activity and loss of emotions
- Repetition of words → Repetition of the same statements and question again and again.
- Confusion → Loss of memory, poor judgment, and poor thinking.
Dementia care demands help and support of the patient to fulfill the daily needs to carry out routine activities. Dementia home care means that the patient should be provided with the facilities at home to carryout normal activities. Patients of dementia demand assistance in the following areas
- Support related to medicines
- Helping with mobility
- Assistance in hobbies, activities, and social interaction
- Food and household tasks
Homecare of patients with Dementia:
In-home care includes the number of services provided in the home. Caregivers provide help and assistance to the patients of dementia.
Other than usual helping staff some time there is also the need for the licensed heath professional, physician, pharmacist, nurse or physiotherapist.
Here are some tips for the caregiver to handle the patient at home:
- Keep familiar objects and people around the patient.
- Keep lights on at night.
- Use reminders, notes, lists of routine tasks, or directions for daily activities.
- Stick to a simple activity schedule.
- Talk about current events.